elizabeth of york descendants today
I am convinced I have no family connections to the newly minted post WWII House of Windsor.No, royalty isn't so grand. My dad's family is from Ireland (both North and Republic of), and there is a big chunk of English in there too. And so a 15th century queen, Elizabeth of York, is the vitally important connection between her birth family, the Plantagenets, the Tudor family she married into, and the Stuart family her daughter married into. She is the matriarch of it all. Elizabeth of York is the face of the Queen of Hearts: (MOST LIKELY) TRUE. I worked for a Yorkshire family last name Milne-Coates also Milne-Gaskell was told they could trace liniage back to Mary Tudor sister of Henry VIII dont know if it was through Frances Brandon or her sister. It is so beautiful there.  All other Tudor monarchs inherited her reddish gold hair and the trait became synonymous with the dynasty. Rumour has it that her son Henry was actually the illegitimate son of Henry viii - and portraits of him at the time do seem to suggest a family resemblance. Her third sponsor was her cousin, Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick.. hi there i have quite a few royals in my my family i have tudors welsh german scottish and s saxon princess in the family i also have an archbishop of york i have family burried in westminster abby i have family from midevil to revolutionary war. I have so many more direct ancestors as Kings and Queens and Empress and immediate family (not cousins) and I have looked to their ethnic origins. Henry VII is shown receiving the book containing the manuscript in mourning robes with a doleful expression on his face. His daughter, Elizabeth Stewart, is my 12th great grandmother, and so on and so forth. Her second and only surviving son became King Henry VIII of England, while her daughters Margaret and Mary became queens of Scotland and of France, respectively. A latter daughter married Samuel Wynne and came to Philadelphia. Richard did this directly to Elizabeth's sister, Cecily, by wedding her to Richard Scrope. Interestingly, while doing a family tree through ancestry.com, I found that Rev. Any child from this union would have presented a serious challenge to the succession. I hear no mention of it why ? It is all foreign usurpers. Hmmm.. what about Henry's illegitamite son,someone fitzroy can't remember his name, but perhaps there couldbe some living decendets from him? Members of the royal family remembered their late matriarch, Queen Elizabeth II, Friday, on what would have been her 97th birthday. Elizabeth of York died in the Tower of London on February 11, 1503, at the age 37, of complications of the birth of her seventh child, a girl named Katherine, who Chicago. Jamess grandson, Charles II, had 14 children, unfortunately none of them to his wife!  Though Richard III was regarded as a usurper, his reign was not ignored. Ultimately, however, the marriage was approved by papal bull of Pope Innocent VIII dated March 1486 (one month after the wedding) stating that the Pope and his advisors "Approveth confirmyth and stablishyth the matrimonye and coniuncion made betwene our sou[er]ayn lord King Henre the seuenth of the house of Lancastre of that one party And the noble Princesse Elyzabeth of the house of Yorke.". Elizabeth of York was renowned as a great beauty for her time, with regular features, tall, and a fair complexion, inheriting many traits from her father and her mother Elizabeth Woodville, who was considered at one point the most beautiful woman in the British Isles. James Stewart, Lord of Moray was my 13th great grandfather. He came to the states and was hanged as a witch. If this is indeed true ( as most academics agree) then that would make Henry Viii my 13th Great grandfather. Richard was Elizabeth, Henry VII wifes grandmother. I am a descendant of Mary Queen of Scots. She has a family tree that traces the lineage all the way down to her - but no titles.  She also gave generously to monks and religious orders. Henry VII's daughter Margaret married James IV of Scotland, their son James V was a prolific produce of documented illigitimate children - many of whom were given titles - I, myself, descend from one of these bastards as do no doubt thousands of others, I've no idea how common descent from Henry VII is, but I'm from a typical working class scottish background. Although Henry Tudor was descended from King Edward III, his claim to the throne was weak, owing to an Act of Parliament of the reign of Richard II in the 1390s, which barred accession to the throne to any heirs of the legitimised offspring of Henry's great-great-grandparents, John of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford. 1. Elizabeth of York was crowned queen on 25 November 1487. The present queen of Englands ancestry traces back through the Hanovers of Germany to the Stuarts through a daughter of James I. Scottish King James VI had become James I, the successor to the English throne, after the death of the last Tudor monarch, Elizabeth I. I am a descendant of Katherine Grey through the Seymours and the Earls of Winchelsea. Its possible that, witnessing the murder and mayhem of the Wars of the Roses from the front row, she wanted nothing to do with politics. on her birthday in 1503. Richard II chose a white hart as his personal badge. Question from SarahAnne - Further reading suggestions. As we prepare to celebrate the Kings coronation, people from around the West Midlands share memories of Queen Elizabeth IIs historic moment in 1953. Five quick-thinking rail workers spotted a toddler on the train tracks and I read that it is hard to move there - tough immigration rules. We have always known that we had Scotch-Irish and English heritage, but didn't know through which relative. Following the Queen's death, they became the Prince and Princess of Wales. Maybe the continent, then?I had all the 'ballroom dancing and formal attire I care for, nevertheless I could do it for a special occasion.If you would like to experience that lifestyle, I suggest a short stay at a luxury hotel or resort to get a feeling for it.Perhaps you could jet set around to find your piece of paradise? Hey I'm Dominic Tudor, I read every part about the Tudors history and I'm still kinda lost on my why my name is Tudor, my family has always had the last name sense they live in Poland but I was born in raised in the USA like my dad and mom, does anyone lead me to something with more sources soo I can research more into it? Edward affirmed this before he died. When Cecily was born in 1469, she came into the world as a Princess of England. Elizabeth's uncle Anthony Woodville, and her half-brother Richard Grey, were executed on Gloucester's orders on 25 June.  The account books, kept by Henry, demonstrates that he spent a great deal of gold on expensive cloth for himself, his wife and his children. I'm trying to trace the lineage of Elizabeth Smith buried in everals chapel in Ohio. How can we know that your claim is true and you're not just another pretender? Jane's younger sister Katherine had two sons, the elder of whom had several children. My 13th Great Grandmother is Elizabeth of York, 13th g grandfather is King Henry viiwhere is my Tiara?!!! There is some indications that he and his wife, Mary Howard daughter of the 3rd Duke of Norfolk, were deliberately kept apart to avoid pregnancy. Whatever the merits of Henry's claim, according to Vergil, his mother and Elizabeth Woodville agreed he should move to claim the throne and, once he had taken it, marry Elizabeth of York to boost his feeble claim. Most of that "royalty" in this country knows all too well what that government is, for a fact. Funny how things work isn't it? , The Tower of London was abandoned as a royal residence, as evidenced by the lack of records of its being used by the royal family after 1503.  Soon after Anne Neville's death, Richard III sent Elizabeth away from court to the castle of Sheriff Hutton and opened negotiations with King John II of Portugal to marry his sister, Joan, Princess of Portugal, and to have Elizabeth marry their cousin, the future King Manuel I of Portugal. She is currently attending St Andrews University. From there the line comes through my maternal grandmother. In Henry VIII: The Life and Rule of Englands Nero, author John Matusiak wrote, He invested his mother with all the perfections that he later sought from his wives and in expecting heavenly bliss from union with them, he would more often encounter hellish disappointment.. You get some interesting results by looking at the descendants of illegitimate children of the various monarchs, remembering that, as Lara has already pointed out, all monarchs and their children since the time of King James I to the present day are descended from Henry VII through his daughter Margaret, the grandmother of King Jamess mother, Mary Queen of Scots. As far as I know I am related to no one famous. The couple were married for 17 years, without reports of any infidelities. Recently did a DNA profile with 23 and me, received an email telling me of updates. Martin based Game of Thrones on the real-life Wars of the Roses in medieval times, and that war was one of blood and betrayal as the two houses, York and Lancaster, fought for the throne. Elizabeths life revolved around her children. The Crowland Chronicle claimed that Richard III was forced to deny this unsavoury rumour. Mary died 9 Dec 1557 at the age of 38. So where the heck is my inheritance? Like her grandfather Prince Philip, she is a huge fan of carriage driving and is said to have inherited his driving ponies and carriage after his death. WebThey were preceded in the line of succession only by Henry VIII's three children Prince Edward, Lady Mary and Lady Elizabeth and the descendants of Princess Margaret, the elder daughter of Henry VII and Queen Consort of Scotland, after 1542 represented by Mary, Queen of Scots. Here's her line of descent from them: http://tudorhistory.org/trees/er2.html So most (if not all) of the living British royals are going to have some connection to Henry VII and Elizabeth of York. Morgan Hines. I actually just discovered that I am a direct descendent. I know there are no decendants of Henry VIII on record.  Two applications were sent, the first more locally, and the second one was slow in reaching Rome and slow to return with the response of the Pope. Her full title is Her Royal Highness Princess Beatrice of York. Henry VII and Elizabeth of York are my 17th great grandparents on my family tree. Nancy Bilyeau, a former staff editor at InStyle, Rolling Stone and Entertainment Weekly, has written a thriller set in the 18th century art and porcelain world titled 'The Blue.' Elizabeth is often unfairly overshadowed by her successors, the wives of Henry VIII, but she was a more successful queen than any of them, wrote historian Alison Weir in BBC History magazine. Elizabeth Stewart (daughter of Francis Stewart) and James Cranstoun my 9th GG parents. My wife is descended from Henry vii and Elizabeth of York. " This is notable considering that, shortly after Elizabeth's death, records show he became deathly ill himself and would not allow any except his mother Margaret Beaufort near him, including doctors. All of you who are taking your "descent" from kings and queens from info you found online are aware that most is nothing but people reaching to get that royal connection right? Henry VII was my 14th GG father. Thinking of doing a game of thrones and coming back from New Zealand to claim my throne. Lol lol I'm a Princess. After all, her father was King Edward IV and her mother was the renowned beauty Queen Elizabeth Woodville. This led to the kings proposal of marriage. Hope this helps any.  Gloucester took steps to isolate his nephews from their Woodville relations, including their own mother. The final victory of the Lancastrian faction in the Wars of the Roses may have seemed a further disaster for the Yorkist princess. The red head of 11-year-old Prince Henry is shown weeping into the sheets of his mother's empty bed. He didnt remarry, which was unusual for the time. I have only just started to trace my family tree. Elizabeth of York was Queen consort of England as spouse of King Henry VII from 1486 until her death on February 11th, 1503. Members of the royal family remembered their late matriarch, Queen Elizabeth II, Friday, on what would have been her 97th birthday. I'm descended from one of her daughters who married the Earl of Ruthven. What better time to look at the facts about The White Princess and decide which are true, and which are false? (Fittingly, Henrys scheming mother, Margaret Beaufort, is portrayed by Michelle Fairley, who played Caitlin Stark in GOT.). This was largely done as a gift, but it was completed in the newer Renaissance style and in time was suitable enough for Henry and Elizabeth's grandchildren and proves it was a much loved refuge for the king and his wife. WebOther articles where Elizabeth of York is discussed: Henry VII: Early life: Henry had promised to marry Elizabeth of York, eldest daughter of Edward IV; and the coalition of Elizabeth (1444-1502) Margaret (1445-1503) - married Charles, Duke of Burgundy William (1447-1455?) He served as regent for James VI, King of Scotland (and eventually King James I of England) until his assassination.  A daughter of King Edward IV, Elizabeth married Henry after his victory at the Battle of Bosworth Field, which marked the end of the Wars of the Roses. I am a direct descendant of the House of Gwynedd. Hello. I am just a regular American. According to folklore, the "queen in the parlour" in the children's nursery rhyme "Sing a Song of Sixpence" is Elizabeth of York, while her husband is the king counting his money. In 1482, however, Louis XI reneged on his promise. Apparently we are decedent to Henry through his daughter Mary. Elizabeth's younger brothers, the "Princes in the Tower", mysteriously disappeared shortly after the death of her father. Elizabeth of York was born at the Palace of Westminster as the eldest child of King Edward IV and his wife, Elizabeth Woodville. WebFour or more generations of descendants of Elizabeth of York (1465-1503) if they are properly linked: 1. Queen consort of England from 1486 to 1503, Spouses of debatable or disputed rulers are in, Carson, Annette. Richard Cavendish | Published in Prince Harry, 38, is William's younger brother, and he and his wife Meghan Markle are no longer working members of the royal family. Francis Stewart (son of John Stewart and 5th Earl of Bothwell) and Margaret Douglas my 10th GG parents. She was also praised for her fine character as a child, being learned and wise, with an unbounded love for her brothers and sisters.. , Elizabeth received a grand coronation where she was carried on a royal barge down the Thames. Yet it was founded upon strict principles of lineal descent, for the 3rd Duke of York was descended from Lionel, Duke of Clarence, the second surviving son of Edward WebElizabeth of York (Forme Queen Consort of England (1486 - 1503)) Elizabeth of York was the wife of Henry VII and the first queen consort of England of the Tudor dynasty. Teon Blake- Stewart : I am a illegitimate decent of the stewarts / stuarts - I'm curious of why our not so distant cousin Tudors name died out . "Richard III. Aime Lutkin is the weekend editor at ELLE.com. Elizabeth, therefore, had a motive to see to the successful welfare of her female relatives, but by no means could she foresee whether it would guarantee peace at last.. It seems Henry wished to be seen as ruling in his own right, having claimed the throne by right of conquest and not by his marriage to the de facto heiress of the House of York. There are a few Earls and Barons, Lords and Ladies and such on this one branch so I thought it might lead somewhere, but shocked that it did. I learned this as well on Ancestry.com . On 9 April 1483, Elizabeth's father, King Edward IV, unexpectedly died and her younger brother, Edward V, ascended to the throne; her uncle, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, was appointed regent and protector of his nephews. They had seven children together.  Within a little over two years, King Henry VII had lost his oldest son, his wife, his baby daughter, and found himself having to honour the Treaty of Perpetual Peace. Behind the scenes, the evidence reveals a man who opened the purse strings for his children, mother, and wife and had a penchant for music, merrymaking, and dance on specific special occasions and in spite of many enemies made at the climax of the Wars of the Roses, there were still staunch supporters and friends of Henry, and that Elizabeth had won their trust. What do I do and how do I get in contact with the Royal Family. We as well got all the way to William the Conquer through another grandparent. Henry also frequently bought gifts for Elizabeth and their children. I'm just looking for more clues. I am also not related to King George, Charles, or the "House of Winsor" pretenders in spite of all efforts past and present to rewrite history, there is no justification whatsoever for the notion of "royals" if you find out the real story, they are warmongers and/or politicians all, in spite of "sainthood" of more than a few of my direct ancestors, it is only about theft and murder or subjugation. I am a descendant of king Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon. I was floored yesterday when I found out that William the Conqueror and Maud are my 28th Generation grandparents. As this series begins, the young Princess Elizabeth (Jodie Comer) is not yet married to Henry VII (Jacob Collins-Levy), the new king of Englandand she is by no means sure she wants to be. There is no evidence that Annes death in 1485 was caused by anything other than tuberculosis or some nasty disease all too common in the medieval period.  Cardinal Bourchier, Archbishop of Canterbury, officiated at the wedding of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York on 18 January 1486. @AnonymousYou mean Henry VIII's mistress Agnes Blewitt.Henry VII had no mistresses. I am a direct descendant of their daughter Mary Tudor and Mary's daughter He's afraid she'll be more controlling and ferocious than she already ishahaha. It would be fun to find out things further, but as hard as I have tried I can't get beyond great grandparents. James Stewart (King James V) and mistress Elizabeth Carmichael my 12th GG parents. , As queen, Elizabeth made arrangements for the education of her younger children, including the future Henry VIII. Harry has said that William brought a claim against Every English monarch since James I has been a direct descendant of Mary, Queen of Scots, great-grandaughter of Henry VII so yes, there are plenty of descendants of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York through that line via their daughter Margaret. Also, their other daughter Mary Tudor had a daughter Frances Brandon, mother of Lady Jane Grey. , Henry VII's reputation for miserliness became worse after Elizabeth's death. The last royal procession where the majority of Queen Elizabeth's family was in attendance was her funeral, just a few months after her celebratory Platinum Jubilee. Hi, after my Grandmother was telling me that we were decedent of Henry VII, I too went online to search this. My family has always been interested in our heritage and we recently found out that we are descendants of Mary, Queen of Scots and King James I, through my Great-Grandmother who is a Shelton. I was reading this book about all the Kings there have been in England if you count the kings of Wessex etc there were probably a thousand or so the book said so its possible those kings had many offspring both legitimate and otherwise so i think everyone who has english ancestors could be descended from anyone of those kings maybe we are all royal. Yes; the king [& Elizabeth] is my 16th Great~grandfather: Tudor, King Earl Henry VII daughter Tudor, Queen Princess Margaret son Stewart, King James V Knight of the Garter son Stewart of Moray, King Regent Earl Prior James VI Good Regent of Scotland daughter Stewart of Moray, Countess Elizabeth son Stewart of Moray, Lord Earl James `the Bonny Earl` daughter Stewart, Mary son Grant, Laird Ludovic son Grant, David son Grant, Planter Sargeant William daughter Grant, Clementine `Clemy` daughter Musick, Susanna Grant daughter Bowman, Sarah Grant daughter Buxton, Marcella Bowman daughter Knox, Mary Virginia son Deason, Edward Adelbert son Deason, Sydney Doyle daughter Deason, Barbara Gail daughter Thigpen, Barbara Kim. My mothers DNA sequence is in line with Ann of York daughter of King Edward the 111. His father, John later supported George's uncle, the Earl of Warwick, in a rebellion against King Edward IV, and the betrothal was called off.  On 2 February 1503, she gave birth to a daughter, Katherine, who died a few days later. We may earn commission from links on this page, but we only recommend products we back. When she returned to her own chambers, however, Elizabeth herself broke down with grief. Who will support me? Similar strategies had been used before by Richard III of England, though in that case the Titulus Regius had marred the status of Elizabeth and all of her sisters as illegitimate, and Richard had no intention of making it difficult for the two sides of the conflict to return to factionalism when two were married into one his actions showed he was more interested in loyalty and eliminating rival claims by wedding them off to the inconsequential.  Surviving in the British National Archives are letters written by Elizabeth of York and also a records of her privy purse, supplying evidence that the rumour regarding Henry's mistreatment of his wife could be false. The marriage would inevitably end the Wars of the Roses and bring together the House of York and Lancaster. Any suggestions? WebTheres a reason no one knows about Cecily of Yorkbut its your turn to find out. He divorced his ex-wife Autumn in 2021 after 12 years of marriage, but they share two daughters, Savannah and Isla. USA TODAY. I am a direct descent of Katherine Grey( granddaughter of mary tudor) and through my dad's side I am a descendant of mary of scots she is my 12th Great Grandmother. She gave birth to several more children, but only four survived infancy: Arthur, Margaret, Henry and Mary. Phillips is currently dating Lindsay Wallace, an old school friend. Richard Joseph Riordan was born on May 1, 1930, in Flushing, Queens, to William and Geraldine (Doyle) Riordan, the last of nine children in an Irish Catholic family. I am also a decendant of Mary Boleyn. Birth records seem to cease at a certain piont. Did Elizabeth have sex with her uncle, the man whom many at the timeand up to this daysuspected had her two younger brothers killed? Emmmdont know how to break the news to youbut Elizabeth I died childless, therefore the Tudors bloodline ended with her. Henry VII is my 15th Great Grandfather, through Mary Tudor. The couple made the decision to step back in 2020, and moved to California where they established their own organization Archewell, named after their son, Archie. Peter Phillips, born in 1977 and 45 now, is the late Queen's eldest grandson. , On 14 November 1501, Elizabeth of York's 15-year-old son Arthur married Catherine of Aragon, daughter of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile. Princess Beatrice is the elder daughter of Prince Andrew and Sarah, Duchess of York. Found some other interesting royal names in that research also.  Gloucester ascended to the throne as Richard III on 6 July 1483, and Edward and Richard disappeared soon afterwards. M. Dictionary of Royal Lineage. I am a Tudor from the Royalty blood line amd I'm wanting to look up my family history as well..I just moved to Boston and there are so many Tudor graves here and I wondering if I am related to any of thembut have no idea how to go about it..My Dad said two different blood lines came to the states..but we aren't related to all of them. Harry no longer serves as the spare heir, as he referenced in the title to his tell-all memoir. So far, I have found that the current Queen Elizabeth is my 27th cousin 2x removed ha! As the daughter of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodvylle, as well as the consort of Henry VII, Elizabeth Hosted by Sabrina Tavernise. Off the top of my head, I know of one for sure - Queen Elizabeth II! More recently, my great great grandmother is rumoured to be an illegitimate daughter of Edward VII, one of the many. I would sort out the royal family lines you are and are not related before running to UK, thinking you would be welcome.I have no 'royalty in common with QofE and the list of ancestors that touch on four of my ancestors isn't convincing to me.I am decidedly not in the family line of George III, or the Saxon-Coburn family line. Question from Louise - Tips for travel to London, Question from Rachel - Thomas Cromwell's execution, Question from Nikki - Henry VIII's greatest successes. Lady Eleanor Brandon is my 13th Great Grandmother, and the line progresses through the Earls of Clifford. This was a marriage of 'faithful love', of mutual attraction, affection and respect, from which the king seems to have drawn great strength.". I am a direct descendant of King Henry VII and Elizabeth of York through their daughter Queen Margaret of Scotland. Elizabeth's sisters, Cecily and Anne of York, and her cousin, Margaret Pole, were married to Lancastrian men who were loyal to Henry. The boys have grown up in the spotlight and their own wives and families have gotten the same harsh limelight. Henry VII and Elizabeth of York are my 17th great grandparents on my family tree. What does seem the case is that Elizabeth had little to do with ruling the country. I know many people have found that they have direct lineage to the Monarchs. James V and Marie de Guise would have been my 15th great grandparent, Margaret Tudor is my 16th great-grandmother and King Henry VII is my 17th great grandfather.etc, yet still.. no castle lol, A message for Kate NY, someone in my family traced us back to Vlad the Impaler, so maybe we are cousins!! It is possible that Henry Fitzroy died a virgin. After the only son of King Richard and Queen Anne died, and it was clear that the queen was too sickly to have more children, some people at court speculated that Richard would marry his nieceif Queen Anne were to conveniently die.  Elizabeth Woodville fled with her younger son Richard and her daughters, taking sanctuary in Westminster Abbey. Mary Queen of Scots, mother of James I of England, was the cousin of Elizabeth I who executed her for treason, and both were descended from the first Tudor My 16x's great grandfather is William Barns who married Dorothy Drury who was the Daughter of Robert Drury who was married to Ann Stapelton who was the daughter of Cathrine De pole. Prince William, 40, is the heir to the throne and spends his days as a hardworking member of the royal family. He and wife Kate Middleton are often front and He and wife Kate Middleton are often front and center at royal events and engagements. , Henry Tudor and his army landed in Wales on 7 August 1485 and marched inland. My father has been emailing me and begging me not to tell my mother. Henry also continued to employ her minstrels each New Year. The twin sons of Judah & Tamar. , Though initially slow to keep his promise, Henry VII acknowledged the necessity of marrying Elizabeth of York to ensure the stability of his rule and weaken the claims of other surviving members of the House of York. My 17th great grandmother was a documented mistress of Henry VIII. Whether such an unprecedented Act had force of law is disputed[by whom?].  Her christening was celebrated at Westminster Abbey, sponsored by her grandmothers, Jacquetta of Luxembourg, Duchess of Bedford, and Cecily Neville, Duchess of York. Hey my name is Dominic Tudor, I did a lot of research where my family had gotten the last name, they have always had the last name even before moving to America from Poland and England, can anyone lead to more sources on where I can get more info. The update told me my mothers maternal lineage is in line with the resent DNA find of King Richard THE 111 thru his sister Ann of York. These are just a few examples amongst what must be several thousand descendants of Henry VII and his wife. . Henry VII is my 15th great grandfather. can I move to England? With Nina Feldman. Ima bit fed up with Ancestry.com.It is the Wikipedia of ancestry, Brigham Young and 19 kids and counting. WebThe House of York descended in the male line from Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, the fourth surviving son of Edward III. There are many descendents of Henry VIII alive today. Their proximity to the throne is another big pullKing Charles is holding his official coronation in May, and right behind him in line for the throne is Prince William. Elizabeth Woodville, under duress, eventually agreed. Here is a list of all of her grandkids and their parents to help keep track of who will likely be in King Charles' company during the coronation festivities. Today as I type this, it is March 22, 2014. He grew up in New Rochelle, N.Y. , In 1484, Elizabeth of York and her sisters left Westminster Abbey and returned to court when Elizabeth Woodville was apparently reconciled with Richard III. In 1502, Elizabeth of York became pregnant once more and spent her confinement period in the Tower of London.
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